Full bibliography

Growing normally in an urban environment: Positive deviance among slum children of Vadodara, India

Resource type
Authors/contributors
Title
Growing normally in an urban environment: Positive deviance among slum children of Vadodara, India
Abstract
Objective To assess factors contributing to positive devi- ance among the urban poor of Vadodara city. Methods Mothers of sixty 6-18 mo old children- 30 each in positive deviant (PD: normal by weight-age) and negative deviant (ND: grade II by weight-age) groups-were interviewed through home visits using semi-structured questionnaires. Results Factors contributing significantly to PD (p<0.01): PD children (vs. ND), were older (12-18 mo vs.6-11 mo); families were smaller (5-7 vs. >7 members), of lower parity (1-2 vs. 3-4), greater birth interval (>3 y vs. 1-2 y); received colostrum (96% vs. 26%), breastfed atleast 8-9 times/d (86% vs. 20%); were started on complementary feeds (CF) at 6-8mo(53%vs. 23%); given thicker consistency CF (73% vs. 36%); fed actively (40% vs. 23%), fewer had diarrhea episodes in past 15 d (26% vs. 83%). Mean calorie intake (% RDA) from CF among PD was significantly higher than in ND (68% vs.42%). Conclusions Factors contributing to PD in urban poor families are similar to those reported in rural India; which implies that ICDS-Health services for both urban and rural poor need to ensure that national IYCF guidelines - healthcare recommendations are followed by communities. Further research relating PD to desirable complementary feeding and hygiene-healthcare practices in rural and urban areas is required. © 2011 Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation.
Publication
Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume
79
Issue
5
Pages
606-611
Date
2012
Language
English
DOI
10.1007/s12098-011-0612-9
ISSN
0019-5456
Short Title
Growing normally in an urban environment
Archive
Scopus
Library Catalog
Scopus
Citation
Kanani, S., & Popat, K. (2012). Growing normally in an urban environment: Positive deviance among slum children of Vadodara, India. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 79(5), 606–611. Scopus. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-011-0612-9