Using an integrated typology of deviance to analyze ten common norms of the U.S. middle class

Resource type
Authors/contributors
Title
Using an integrated typology of deviance to analyze ten common norms of the U.S. middle class
Abstract
In a recent article we presented an integrated typology in which we categorized deviance based on both norms and evaluations. Cross-classifying normative expectations and societal evaluations identifies four types of deviance. Negative deviance implies negatively evaluated underconformity (or nonconformity); rate busting depicts negatively appraised overconformity; deviance admiration designates positively reacted to underconformity (or nonconformity); and positive deviance signifies positively sanctioned overconformity. To assess the efficacy of this typology in relation to a system of norms, ten middle - class norms-previously defined as the predominant ones in the United States by Tittle and Paternoster (2000) - were evaluated in relation to our integrated typology. Those norms are: loyalty, privacy, prudence, conventionality, responsibility, participation, moderation, honesty, peacefulness, and courtesy. Each potentiality is identified; for example, regarding the norm of loyalty, apostasy is the negative deviance form (negative deviance has already been outlined in relation to all ten norms); rebellion is the deviance admiration type; fanaticism is the rate busting scenario; and altruism is the positive deviance kind.
Publication
Sociological Quarterly
Volume
45
Issue
2
Pages
209-228
Date
2004
Language
English
ISSN
0038-0253
Archive
Scopus
Library Catalog
Scopus
Citation
Heckert, A., & Heckert, D. M. (2004). Using an integrated typology of deviance to analyze ten common norms of the U.S. middle class. Sociological Quarterly, 45(2), 209–228. Scopus. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1533-8525.2004.tb00010.x